This requirement also comes from the accounting standard for inventories. However, a contra-asset account usually has a credit or nil balance. This account offsets the balance in the respective asset account that they pair with on the balance sheet. The allowance for doubtful accounts is not specifically reported, but the 10(K) reported that the allowance is immaterial to the amount. This make sense because Home Depot wouldn’t be carrying accounts receivable with long payment terms.
- Contra asset accounts have a credit balance as compared to a debit balance that most other types of accounts have.
- On the other hand, if you’re looking at a high-flying growth stock that reports new revenue growth records each quarter but has a massive allowance for doubtful accounts, there may be problems ahead.
- Every contra asset account on a company’s accounting records will also have a pairing account.
- Similarly, it allows companies to retrieve original account balances without complicated calculations.
- If you’re using accounting software, you’ll be able to create contra accounts when setting up your chart of accounts.
A contra asset account is not classified as an asset, since it does not represent long-term value, nor is it classified as a liability, since it does not represent a future obligation. Equipment is a long-term asset account that has a debit balance. This depreciation is saved in a contra asset account called accumulated depreciation. The accumulated depreciation account has a credit balance and is used to reduce the carrying value of the equipment.
Do Contra Accounts Have Debit or Credit Balances?
Treasure stock is a good example as it carries a debit balance and decreases the overall stockholders’ equity. Sometimes, the current value of a note receivable will fall compared to its face value. This process will give rise to a contra asset account which is the discount on notes receivables. Regardless of that, allowance for receivables accounts will exist for all companies that have account receivable balances. This account helps companies present a more accurate accounts receivable balance on the financial statements. Similarly, allowance for receivables will pair with accounts receivable balances.
As mentioned, a company will usually have debit balances in its asset accounts. However, the details for contra accounts usually exist on the notes to the financial statements. However, these can cause a reduction in other balances on the statement.
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Home Depot has repurchased more than $72 billion of stock to date, with around $7 billion coming during this accounting period. contra asset accounts provide business owners with the true value of certain asset accounts. For example, let’s say your accounts receivable balance is currently $11,500, but you’re not entirely sure that you’ll be able to collect the entire balance due.
There are four key types of contra accounts—contra asset, contra liability, contra equity, and contra revenue. Contra assets decrease the https://www.bookstime.com/ balance of a fixed or capital asset, carrying a credit balance. Contra liabilities reduce liability accounts and carry a debit balance.
However, they will still appear on the notes to the financial statements with necessary disclosures. Contra asset accounts are necessary for companies for various reasons. The most prominent of these include allowing companies to present a more accurate picture of their assets.
Overview: What is a contra asset account?
It represents all the depreciation related to an asset or the company’s overall assets. Usually, companies add to the accumulated depreciation account after every accounting period. Although contra-asset accounts have credit balances, they do not appear in liabilities or equity.
In this way, the historical cost, the amount of write-off, and the book value of an asset can always be seen on the balance sheet. Notes receivables are promissory notes that include a promise from a borrower to repay a lender. For companies, these represent receivables from various parties.
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The allowance for doubtful accounts is a contra asset because it reduces the value of the accounts receivable (AR) account on the general ledger. Often when a company extends goods on credit, management expects some of those customers not to pay and so anticipates writing off bad debt. While accumulated depreciation is the most common contra asset account, the following also may apply, depending on the company. A contra asset is a negative account used in double-entry accounting to reduce the balance of a paired asset account in the general ledger. However, that $1.4 billion is used to reduce the balance of gross accounts receivable.
- To illustrate, let’s use the contra asset account Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
- After each accounting period, the company records a depreciation expense of the asset.
- However, this account does not represent actual irrecoverable debts.
- A contra account carries a balance that is opposite to the normal balance of its related main account.
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- Some of the most common contra assets include accumulated depreciation, allowance for doubtful accounts, and reserve for obsolete inventory.
- Contra asset accounts are recorded with a credit balance that decreases the balance of an asset.